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Composting - How Do You Do It?

Composting is a simple and effective way to reduce waste and improve the health of your garden. Whether you live in a rural or urban area, composting at home is an easy way to live sustainably and reduce your carbon footprint. In this article, we will explore the importance of composting and provide a detailed guide on how to compost at home.

The Importance of Composting

Composting has numerous benefits for the environment and your garden. Here are some of the reasons why composting is important:

  1. Reduces Waste: Composting diverts organic waste from landfills, reducing the amount of methane gas produced by decomposing organic matter. Methane gas is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. By composting at home, you can reduce the amount of organic waste that goes to the landfill, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

  2. Improves Soil Health: Compost is rich in nutrients and improves soil health, which in turn can improve plant growth and productivity. Compost can also help retain moisture in the soil, reducing the need for watering. When you add compost to your garden soil, it can improve soil structure, texture, and nutrient retention, which can lead to healthier plants.

  3. Saves Money: Composting can save money on fertilizer and reduce the need for watering, which can lower water bills. By using compost in your garden, you can reduce the need for chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which can be expensive. Compost is also an affordable and effective way to improve the health of your garden.

  4. Encourages Sustainable Living: Composting is an easy way to live sustainably and reduce your carbon footprint. By composting at home, you are taking a small step towards reducing your impact on the environment. It's a simple and effective way to practice sustainable living and contribute to a healthier planet.

How to Compost at Home

Composting at home is easy and can be done in a variety of ways, depending on the space and resources available. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to compost at home:

  1. Choose a Composting Method: There are several different methods of composting, including:

    • Backyard Composting: This method involves creating a pile of organic matter in a designated area of your yard. To start a backyard compost pile, choose a spot that is convenient to access but out of the way. Make sure the area is well-drained and receives partial sun.

    • Worm Composting: This method involves using worms to decompose organic matter in a small bin. Worm composting is ideal for those who live in apartments or have limited outdoor space. You can purchase a worm composting bin online or at a garden center.

    • Bokashi Composting: This method involves fermenting organic matter in an airtight container. Bokashi composting is a great option for those who want to compost meat, dairy, and oily foods, which are not recommended for other types of composting. You can purchase a bokashi composting kit online or at a garden center.

Choose the method that works best for your space and lifestyle.

  1. Collect Organic Matter: Collect organic matter, such as food scraps, yard waste, and other biodegradable materials. Avoid meat, dairy, and oily foods, as they can attract pests and slow down the composting process. Some examples of items that can be composted include:

    1. Fruit and vegetable scraps

    2. Eggshells

    3. Coffee grounds and filters

    4. Tea bags

    5. Leaves and grass clippings

    6. Shredded paper and cardboard

    7. Sawdust and wood chips

  2. Start Composting: Add the organic matter to your composting bin or pile. If you are using a backyard composting method, make sure to mix the organic matter regularly to ensure even decomposition. This will help create an optimal environment for the microorganisms that break down the organic matter. You can also add water to the compost pile or bin to keep it moist. If you are using a worm composting or bokashi composting method, follow the instructions provided with your bin or container.

  3. Wait for the Compost to Mature: Depending on the composting method and environmental conditions, it can take several months to a year for the compost to mature. As the organic matter decomposes, the compost will shrink in size and turn into a dark, crumbly substance. Once the compost is dark, crumbly, and has an earthy smell, it is ready to use in your garden.

  4. Use the Compost: Use the compost to improve soil health and plant growth in your garden. Compost can also be used as a natural fertilizer for houseplants and potted plants. Simply mix the compost with soil or potting mix and use as you would regular soil. You can also use compost as a top dressing for your garden beds or mix it with water to make a nutrient-rich compost tea.

Tips for Successful Composting

  • Chop or shred larger items of organic matter before adding them to the compost pile or bin. This will help speed up the decomposition process.

  • Keep your compost pile or bin moist, but not too wet. Too much water can slow down the composting process and create an unpleasant odor.

  • Add a balance of "green" and "brown" materials to your compost pile or bin. "Green" materials are high in nitrogen, such as vegetable scraps and grass clippings, while "brown" materials are high in carbon, such as leaves and shredded paper. Aim for a ratio of 2:1 brown to green materials.

  • Avoid adding meat, dairy, and oily foods to your compost pile or bin, as they can attract pests and slow down the composting process.

  • Turn your compost pile or bin regularly to ensure even decomposition and aeration.

  • Consider adding a compost activator or starter to your compost pile or bin. These products contain beneficial bacteria and enzymes that can speed up the composting process.

In conclusion, composting is a simple and effective way to reduce waste and improve soil health. By composting at home, you can contribute to a healthier planet and save money on fertilizer and water bills. Choose a composting method that works for your space and lifestyle, collect organic matter, and follow the steps outlined above for successful composting. With a little patience and effort, you can turn your food scraps and yard waste into nutrient-rich compost that will nourish your garden for years to come.

Learn More at for individuals


  • United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2021, February 26). Composting at Home. Retrieved from

  • National Geographic Society. (n.d.). Composting. Retrieved from

  • The Spruce. (2021, January 14). How to Compost at Home. Retrieved from

  • Planet Natural Research Center. (n.d.). Composting 101. Retrieved from

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